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Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge
Welcome to the third largest National Wildlife Refuge in the United States, the Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge, an oasis of wetlands and forests along the banks of the Yukon River in eastern Alaska.
Refuge History: Long before the time Alaska became a part of the United States this region was occupied by various Native American groups who hunted the land's moose and caribou. In 1847, the Hudson Bay Company established Fort Yukon but was forced back into Canada after Alaska became part of the United States in 1867. In 1893, the Alaskan gold rush was sparked after a discovery on Birch Creek. Even after the Gold Rush ended, fur trading kept Fort Yukon an important economic center. In the 1950's a major dam was proposed that would have flooded much of the region. The local communities protested and the project was abandoned. Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge was established on December 1, 1978 under President Jimmy Carter.
Flora and Fauna: Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge helps protect the home of numerous plant and animals species. Some of the plants that grow inside the refuge boundaries include aspens, birches, and